The East Kolkata Wetlands (EKW), located on the eastern fringes of Kolkata city bordering the Salt Lake township on the one hand and the new township at Rajarhat on the other, forms one of the largest assemblages of sewage fed fish ponds. Situated between 22°27’00”N and 88°27’00”E the wetlands spread over an area of 12,500 hectare (Ha). It is comprised of nearly 254 sewage fed fisheries distributed across the districts of South and North 24 Parganas covering a total of 37 Mouzas (30 full and 7 part). Besides, there are small agricultural plots and solid waste farms and some built up areas also.

The EKW nurtures the world’s largest wastewater fed aqua culture system. Sewerage that is sent to the wetlands are subjected to solar purification followed by natural oxidation by which the water become conducive for algal and plankton growth which are the primary feed of fishes. The goods and services provided by the EKW include, in addition to fisheries, a very cheap, efficient and eco-friendly system of solid waste and sewer treatment system for the city of Kolkata, habitat for waterfowl and home for a large number of flora and fauna. On 19th August, 2002 the EKW was included in the Ramsar list of ‘Wetlands of International Importance’. However, because of increasing pressure of urbanization, change in the quality and quantity of the solid waste and sewer, as also human neglect, this site is under threat from various directions.


The East Kolkata Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Act, 2006 represents an important landmark as it paved way for establishment of the East Kolkata Wetlands Management Authority (EKWMA) for conservation and management of the EKW. The EKWMA is constituted under Section 3 of the Act, 2006. The EKWMA is a nineteen (19) member body with the Secretaries of different Departments of State Govt. as well as other Govt. officials and three representatives from NGOs under the chairmanship of Chief Secretary, Government of West Bengal.

The EKWMA is guided by the East Kolkata Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Act, 2006, the East Kolkata Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2006, and the Wetlands (Conservation and Management) Rules, 2010.

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